Crazy Horse Monument
Crazy Horse Monument

The world's largest mountain carving,
located in the Black Hills of South Dakota


Crazy Horse Memorial Facts

  • 1939 - Korczak Ziolkowski [core-chalk jewel-cuff-ski] a noted New England sculptor, first came to the Black Hills to help Gutzon Borglum on Mount Rushmore. That year Korczak also won first prize for a sculpture at the New York World's Fair. Chief Standing Bear read news reports of Korczak's achievements and invited him to create a mountainous tribute to the North American Indians.

  • May 3, 1947 - Korczak Ziolkowski returned to the sacred Black Hills to create a monument of Crazy Horse. He came at the invitation of Chief Henry Standing Bear

  • June 3, 1948 - First blast on the mountain. Five survivors of the Battle of the Little Bighorn attended.

  • First blast removed 10 ton of rock; today's blasts average about 700 tons.

  • Crazy Horse Memorial is the world's largest mountain carving in progress.

  • The Memorial's mission is to honor the culture, tradition and living heritage of North American Indians.

  • It is being carved in the round and when completed it will be 641 feet long and 563 feet high.

  • All four 60-foot high heads on Mt. Rushmore would fit inside just Crazy Horse's head.

  • 1950 - Korczak married Ruth Ross.

  • Korczak and Ruth had 10 children, five girls and five boys.

  • Seven of the 10 children still work on the project.

  • October 20, 1982 - Korczak died at age 74, leaving Ruth and family to carry on the dream. They continue it to this day.

  • Ruth is the CEO and President of the Crazy Horse Memorial Foundation.

  • The Memorial is a private, non-profit undertaking financed by admission fees and contributions.

  • The Memorial does not accept any government funding.

  • Hosts more than a million visitors a year.

  • In addition to the mountain carving, there is much more to see and do. The complex includes a visitor center, twin theaters to show orientation DVD, Indian Museum of North America, Native American Cultural Center, education and conference center, sculptor's log-studio home, bronze showroom, gift shops.

  • The Crazy Horse Memorial complex is open year-round and work continues on the mountain year-round.

  • Several special events held throughout the year, such as the Volksmarch, rodeo, art shows, night blasts, multi-media laser show nightly in-season, Native American Day celebration in October.

  • Korczak's vision extended beyond the mountain carving. In 1978, Korczak began a scholarship program with just $250 to start the educational portion of the dream. In 2008, the program has reached the $1 million mark in scholarships, mostly to Indian students attending South Dakota schools.

Mountain Dimensions When Completed

Entire Carving 641 feet long in the round
Entire Carving 563 feet high in the round
Crazy Horse's Face 87 feet, 6 inches (completed June 3, 1998)
Outstretched Arm 263 feet
Opening under arm 110 feet wide and 100 feet high
Hand 33 feet high
Pointing Finger 37 feet long
Horse's Head 219 feet high (22 stories)
Horse's Mane 62 feet high
Horse's Ears 45 feet long
Horse's Eyes 16 feet wide; 13 feet high
Horse's Nostrils 25 foot diameter
home | contact | employment | make a gift
Museums | Visit | Education | Gift Shop | About Us | Special Events | FAQ
Carving the Mountain | Grounds | Membership/Fundraising | Galleries | News | Media | Newsletter Archive
© Crazy Horse Memorial Foundation • 12151 Avenue of the Chiefs • Crazy Horse, SD 57730-8900 • P: 605.673.4681 • F:605.673.2185
Crazy Horse Memorial is a nonprofit 501(c)(3) foundation. Contributions to the organization are tax deductible under IRS rules.